You are expected to take the time to complete assignments fully and carefully. Your writing is expected to conform to the standards of higher-education generally and academic philosophy specifically.
If you make claims that are clearly false, or for which you have no evidence, you may lose points for academic negligence.
Philosophy courses, like any humanities course, will present claims with which you might disagree. You are free to differ with your instructors’ opinions and the opinions of the scholars whose ideas are presented in your courses; however, you are responsible for learning ideas and arguments as theoretical claims, and for using appropriate analysis and critical thinking either in agreeing or in disagreeing with them in your assignments. If your work shows a dismissive attitude or a refusal to consider the ideas presented within their own framework, you may lose points for academic negligence.
You may use alternative terms and rationales in your own analysis, as long as you show that you understand the terms and rationales that are presented in your courses, and can both justify your own approach and compare it with the approaches presented in this course. This is not a matter of instructor privilege. In some cases, your instructors may present approaches with which your instructors themselves do not fully agree. By presenting an approach, your instructors are not saying that it is correct, only that it is a valuable and productive approach, argument, or claim. Under no circumstances will you lose points for disagreeing with your instructors or anybody else. However, whether you agree with your instructors or not, you are responsible for being scholarly and diligent in your coursework.